**WORKSHOP**** CALCULATION & SCIENCE (for 1st Year ) 40 Hrs.**

**Reference Learning Outcome :- Demonstrate basic mathematical concept and principles to perform practical operations. Understand and explain basic science in the field of study. (NOS:AGR/N9451)**-
**Duration :-**Professional Knowledge WCS – 40 Hrs**(for above learning out come)**

- Unit, Fractions
- Classification of unit system
- Fundamental and Derived units F.P.S, C.G.S, M.K.S and SI units
- Measurement units and conversion
- Factors, HCF, LCM and problems
- Fractions – Addition, substraction, multiplication & division
- Decimal fractions – Addition, subtraction, multilipication & division
- Solving problems by using calculator
- Square root, Ratio and Proportions, Percentage
- Square and suare root
- Simple problems using calculator
- Applications of pythagoras theorem and related problems
- Ratio and proportion Ratio and proportion – Direct and indirect proportions

Percentage - Precentage – Changing percentage to decimal and fraction
- Material Science
- Types metals, types of ferrous and nonferrous metals
- Physical and mechanical properties of metals
- Introduction of iron and cast iron
- Difference between iron & steel, alloy steel and carbon steel
- Properties and uses of rubber, timber and insulating materials
- Mass, Weight, Volume and Density
- Mass, volume, density, weight and specific gravity, numerical related to L, C, O section only
- Related problems for mass, volume, density, weight and specific gravity
- Speed and Velocity, Work, Power and Energy
- Speed and velocity – Rest, motion, speed, velocity, difference between speed and velocity, acceleration and retardation
- Speed and velocity – Related problems on speed & velocity
- Work, power, energy, HP, IHP, BHP and efficiency
- Heat & Temperature and Pressure
- Concept of heat and temperature, effects of heat, difference between heat and temperature, boiling point & melting point of different metals and non-metals
- Concept of pressure – Units of pressure, atmospheric pressure, absolute pressure, gauge pressure and gauges used for measuring pressure
- Basic Electricity
- Introduction and uses of electricity, electric current AC, DC their comparison, voltage, resistance and their units
- Conductor, insulator, types of connections – series and parallel
- Ohm’s law, relation between V.I.R & related problems
- Mensuration
- Area and perimeter of square, rectangle and parallelogram
- Surface area and volume of solids – cube, cuboid, cylinder, sphere and hollow cylinder
- Finding the lateral surface area, total surface area and capacity in litres of hexagonal, conical and cylindrical shaped vessels Levers and Simple machines
- Simple machines – Effort and load, mechanical advantage, velocity ratio, efficiency of machine, relationship between efficiency, velocity ratio and mechanical advantage
- Lever & Simple machines – Lever and its types
- Trigonometry
- Measurement of angles
- Trigonometrical ratios
- Trigonometrical tables