TURNER TRADE INTRODUCTION
During the two years duration a candidate is trained on subjects Professional Skill,
Professional Knowledge, Engineering Drawing, Workshop Science & Calculation and
Employability Skills related to job role. In addition to this a candidate is entrusted to make/do
project work and Extra Curricular Activities to build up confidence. The practical skills are
imparted in simple to complex manner & simultaneously theory subject is taught in the same
fashion to apply cognitive knowledge while executing task. The practical part starts with basic
fitting & turning and executes complex turning operation both in conventional lathe and CNC
turn centre at the end of the course. The broad components covered under Professional Skill
subject are as below:
FIRST YEAR: The practical part starts with basic fitting & different turning including setting of
different shaped job on different chucks. The different turning operations – Plain, Facing,
Drilling, Boring (counter and stepped) Grooving, Parallel turning, stepped turning, Parting,
Chamfering, U-cut, Reaming, Internal recess & Knurling. The skills on grinding of different
cutting tools viz., V tool, side cutting, parting and thread cutting (both LH & RH) are also
imparted. During this period the testing alignment of lathe by checking different parameters
viz., axial slip of main spindle, true running of head stock, parallelism of main spindle and
alignment of both the centres are also covered. The observation of all safety aspects is
mandatory during execution any task. The safety aspects cover components like OSH&E, PPE,
Fire extinguisher, First Aid and in addition 5S being taught.
This section covers setting of different components (Form tool, Compound slide, Tail
stock offset, taper turning attachment) & parameters (feed, speed, depth of cut) of lathe for
taper/ angular turning of jobs. Different boring operations (plain, stepped and eccentric) are
also undertaken to gain the skill in producing components involving such operations. Different
thread cutting (BSW, Metric, Square, ACME, Buttress) by setting machining parameters are
being taught in the practical. The use different accessories of lathe (Driving Plate, Steady rest,
dog carrier and different centres) are also part of the practical training. During this period the
basic maintenance and preventive maintenance of lathe and grinding machine are also covered.
SECOND YEAR: On achieving above mentioned skill sets the candidate is engaged in producing
different precision of engineering component with an appropriate accuracy (±0.02mm). The
machining of different irregular shaped job using different lathe accessories and also producing
different utility items viz., Crank Shaft (single throw), Stub arbor, etc. are covered to enhance
their competency and perform the job as per practical requirement. The machining of different
components along with assembly of such components (male & female) by performing different
turning activities is also covered. The accuracy achieved is of an accuracy of ± 0.02 mm outside
and ±0.05mm for inside turning.
A dedicated time of 13 weeks devoted for CNC operations which involve setting both
job and tools and operating the CNC turn centre to produce components as per drawing by
preparing part programmes. The candidate gets enough training both on multi-media-based
CNC simulated and on actual intermediate production based CNC machine. The candidate is
also imparted training on process plan to produce components by performing special operation
on lathe viz., worm shaft cutting and also producing different engineering components viz., drill
chuck, collet chuck, screw jack, box nut etc., to develop competency in producing components
which is tangible and significant in work and industry ready for executing such work as per
Professional Knowledge subject is simultaneously taught in the same fashion to apply
cognitive knowledge while executing task. In addition, components like cutting tools and its
specification, method of brazing and soldering, calculation involving gear ratio and gearing, and
tool life, lubrication and functions, jigs and fixtures, interchangeability, quality control
procedure and technical English are also covered under theory part.
Total three projects need to be completed by the candidates in a group. In addition to
above components the core skills components viz., Workshop calculation & science,
Engineering drawing, employability skills are also covered. These core skills are essential skills
which are necessary to perform the job in any given situation.
Directorate General of Training (DGT) under Ministry of Skill Development &
Entrepreneurship offers range of vocational training courses catering to the need of different
sectors of economy/ Labour market. The vocational training programmes are delivered under
aegis of Directorate General of Training (DGT). Craftsman Training Scheme (CTS) with
variantsand Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS) are two pioneer programmes of DGT for
strengthening vocational training.
Turner trade under CTS is one of the most popular courses delivered nationwide
through network of ITIs. The course is of two years duration. It mainly consists of Domain area
and Core area. In the Domain area Trade Theory & Practical impart professional skills and
knowledge, while Core area Workshop Calculation and science, Engineering Drawing and
Employability Skills imparts requisite core skill & knowledge and life skills. After passing out the
training programme, the trainee is being awarded National Trade Certificate (NTC) by DGT
having worldwide recognition.
Candidates need broadly to demonstrate that they are able to:
Read & interpret technical parameters/documentation, plan and organize work
processes, identify necessary materials and tools;
- Perform task with due consideration to safety rules, accident prevention regulations and
environmental protection stipulations;
- Apply professional knowledge, core skills & employability skills while performing the job
and machining work.
- Check the job/components as per drawing for functioning, identify and rectify errors in
- Document the technical parameters related to the task undertaken.
2.2 PROGRESSION PATHWAYS:
- Can join industry as Technician and will progress further as Senior Technician, Supervisor
and can rise to the level of Manager.
- Can become Entrepreneur in the related field.
- Can appear in 10+2 examination through National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) for
acquiring higher secondary certificate and can go further for General/ Technical
- Can take admission in diploma course in notified branches of Engineering by lateral
- Can join Apprenticeship programme in different types of industries leading to National
Apprenticeship certificate (NAC).
- Can join Crafts Instructor Training Scheme (CITS) in the trade for becoming instructor in
- Can join Advanced Diploma (Vocational) courses under DGT as applicable.
2.3 COURSE STRUCTURE:
Table below depicts the distribution of training hours across various course elements
during a period of two years:
ASSESSMENT & CERTIFICATION
The trainee will be tested for his skill, knowledge and attitude during the period of course
through formative assessment and at the end of the training programme through summative
assessment as notified by the DGT from time to time.
a) The Continuous Assessment (Internal)during the period of training will be done by Formative
assessment method by testing for assessment criteria listed against learning outcomes. The
training institute has to maintain individual trainee portfolio as detailed in assessment
guideline. The marks of internal assessment will be as per the formative assessment template
provided on www.bharatskills.gov.in
b) The final assessment will be in the form of summative assessment. The All India Trade Test
for awarding NTC will be conducted by Controller of examinations, DGT as per guideline. The
pattern and marking structure are being notified by DGT from time to time. The learning
outcome and assessment criteria will be basis for setting question papers for final
assessment. The examiner during final examination will also check individual trainee’s profile
as detailed in assessment guideline before giving marks for practical examination.
2.4.1 PASS REGULATION
For the purposes of determining the overall result, weightage of 100% is applied for six months
and one-year duration courses and 50% weightage is applied to each examination for two years
courses. The minimum pass percent for Trade Practical and Formative assessment is 60% & for
all other subjects is 33%. There will be no Grace marks.
2.4.2 ASSESSMENT GUIDELINE
Appropriate arrangements should be made to ensure that there will be no artificial
barriers to assessment. The nature of special needs should be taken into account while
undertaking assessment. Due consideration should be given while assessing for teamwork,
avoidance/reduction of scrap/wastage and disposal of scarp/wastage as per procedure,
behavioral attitude, sensitivity to environment and regularity in training. The sensitivity towards
OSHE and self-learning attitude are to be considered while assessing competency.
Assessment will be evidence based comprising the following:
- Job carried out in labs/workshop
- Record book/ daily diary
- Answer sheet of assessment
- Progress chart
- Attendance and punctuality
- Project work